Created for the Colombian state with the task of coordinating the activities of various public communities, the corporation NASA KIWE, is designed to support the recovery process of the area affected by the earthquake of June 6 of 1994 and its effects.The corporation does not assume the responsibility, from the various state agencies in their specific fields of action but NASA KIWE can execute directly or through agreements: shares of reconstruction, sustainable development, acquisition, and the recovery of land from affected communities, when circumstances require.
The inversion resources of NASA KIWE are used in the financing of projects oriented in strengthening the capacity of local communities to ensure sustainable development in the long term.
The main objects of the corporation are:
- Coordinate in the association with DGRPAD (direccion de gestion Del riesgo para la prevencion y atencion de desastres) the design and execution of a comprehensive plan of recovery and sustainable development of the affected area.
- Ensure the participation of communities and strengthen their capacity in making decisions and their representative bodies at various stages of development of the plan respecting the diversity of the area
- Allocate according to the general plan of recovery and sustainable development in the affected area, the donation resources destined for the area are channeled throughout the state of Colombia in its various agencies and entities. That money will be administered in the form of mandate or fiducia (in respect to the donors wishes), without these becoming part of the national budget or of their heritage.
General plan of recovery and sustainable development of the affected area:
The general plan of recovery and sustainable development of the affected area is a collective construction involving state institutions including the ministry of justice, environment ministry, national department of planning; international as well as national non governmental organisms, public and private universities, agencies and institutions outside the Colombian government, that run or plan activities in the area with similar or complementary objectives to those of the corporation.
It is based on the study of zoning of paez basin, surrounding areas created by environment ministry, Nasa kiwe corporation, DGRPA (direccion del gestion de riesgo para la prevencion y atencion de desastres); with ingeominas contest and other entities belonging to the national system of environment, SINA, and the national system for the prevention and attention of disasters. Zoning that respects the property of indigenous reservations on those areas designed exclusively for forest reserves or whose recovery depends on natural succession processes of long-term with or without human intervention.
The Plan seeks to protect and restore biodiversity and ecosystem integrity both the affected zone as well as the territories of relocation of displaced communities, with emphasis on the proper handling of paramos, native forests, ponds and water sources, because NASA KIWE corporation recognizes the close links and mutually dependent and inseparable from cultural identity and biodiversity and ecosystem integrity of the communities involved.
With a focus on the processes, the plan also identifies the various products expected to be obtained from each of them, whether physical or economic or contributing to the strengthening of processes of organization, training, and in general, individual and collective human growth, respect the ecosystem diversity, ethnic and cultures present in the affected zone.
The participatory design of the overall plan constitutes an objective of recovery and sustainable development itself. In this regard the various stages that led to obtaining it are understood as part of the central process of recovery and development in the affected zone. Likewise, the actions aimed at the recovery and sustainable development, understood simultaneously as an ongoing education and consultation process among the various actors present or involved in the area.
As processes of education dialogues will be given between academic and traditional knowledge; between public officials and non governmental organization members; between state institutions and local or traditional authorities; between imaginaries and worldviews seemingly irreconcilable.
As concertation processes recognize the diversity and complexity of actors, Interests and conflicts in the affected area and its surroundings, and give way to peaceful negotiation of these, through of dialogue.
The participation of communities in these processes who take a stand on ecologic, economic, social and cultural recuperation of the affected zone, Likewise demanding the construction of a new relationship between them and ecosystems, is essential in achieving the ultimate goal of improving their quality of life.
When environment conditions allow to do so, returning displaced communities to their location of origin or places nearby will be favored, a previous realization of a detailed study on the conditions of risk to guarantee their security. The communities have the advice and the resources until it reaches its final resettlement.
With regard to the relocation of affected communities, Nasa Kiwe corporation has been clear in affirming that there must be a close caution to avoid the resettlement of communities with housing ends in the zones of risk for avalanche or something like that. Either way it shares an equal claim that in most uninhabitable places, it’s not just possible, it is necessary to obtain practices of cultivation with good management of water and soils, as a way to help heal the affected ecosystems and avoid new disasters.
In an effort to avoid DIVERGENCE of the resources allocated to the recuperation of the affected zone, the procurement of lands outside of it, will aim to ensure that displaced communities, basic conditions of existence that allow restart a new life in their own territory and simultaneously accompany the affected area while it heals, In their technical, scientific and cultural aspects these accompanying will be according between Cabildos, the Walas or “traditional doctors” , The Nasa Kiwe corporation , the non Indians organizations, the locals governments and governmental and non-governmental organisms who are part of Environment National System.
The destroyed territory because of earthquake effects still being property of respective regards and in consequence the relocation of lands will have the complementary character. The corporation will avoid in every way possible the relocation in communities in zones where there exist previous conflicts by tenure of lands. Voluntary negotiation and negotiation concentrated on administrative exportation will be privileged. In addition, we will see that the settlements of communities in their new territories lead benefits for the neighbors in the zone as an element for the communities to be welcomed into their new territories.
The acquisition and selection of lands for the relocation of displaced communities will have the absence of natural hazards like avalanche or snow slide, of environment risks and social risks.
Sustainability of the Processes
The actions taken during the emergency for public and private institutions that belongs to the National System for the attention and prevention of disasters, same as part of the international agencies who are present in the disaster zone that constitute the base on which ones support the next periods: rehabilitation and sustainable development. In the transition period we have been trying that the support that receive the affected communities be changed for inputs for the community management processes that should characterize the new periods.
Once in motion, processes leading to the recovery in the zone of disaster and sustainable development of affected communities, thus meeting the objectives for which it was created, Nasa Kiwe Corporation is confident that the institutions with jurisdiction over the area, the local governments and communities with their civil or traditional organizations and authorities, resume completely and as part of their normal activity the management of these processes. It is intended that the guidelines of the General plan of recovery and sustainable development of the affected area will be incorporated into municipal plans and that the communities take ownership of them, as facilitators in the construction of a participative and democratic culture, the consolidation of cultural and ethnic diversity; respect for differences and particularities and contribute in improving their quality of life and community relations with the environment. It is also essential that the component of disaster prevention be incorporated to all governmental and community plans and through formal as well as informal education, begin to form part of a new culture of harmonica mutually connivance between human community and the environment that surrounds.